Surgical Olympiad in Moscow

April 25, 2016 § 3 Comments

It’s been a little over a week since we returned from Moscow and I feel as though we’ve only just recovered. In the days that followed our return to Budapest, I think I slept almost 30 hours. It’s a good thing I got that sleep because with exam period only 3 weeks away, there is no time for rest!

The biggest hurdle ahead of us now is pharma. We have a midterm this week, the competition (for those who dare to attempt it) during the last week, and the final exam. Most of us want to get pharma out of the way in the first or second week of the exam period so we can “rest easier” with those that remain. The only problem is that there are nowhere near enough spots for everyone to do that. When we have registration next week (we haven’t been notified about the date yet), things are going to be crazy!

Pharma exam dates

Now, back to that trip to Moscow!

The Olympiad spanned four days: the first day for registration and training for the microvascular and tracheal intubation events and then three consecutive days of contests within different specialties. This being our first time, we had little idea of what to expect and hence, we decided to participate in all but two of the scheduled events. We later found out that most teams were divided into groups focusing on only one or two events, influenced by their desired future surgical specialty.

We were met at the airport by Prof. Dr. Sergei Dydykin, Head of Department of Regional Anatomy and Experimental Surgery of the 1st Moscow State Medical University, and 4th year medical student and representative of the university’s surgical club, Sergey Mindlin. From that point on, we were guided with the utmost care through our entire stay, including each and every step of the competition. In addition, we were supplied with all the requisite instruments and suturing materials we needed for the contests.IMG_5803

On the first day of the competition, we participated in the desmurgy, surgical knot-tying, tracheal intubation, gynecology, and microvascular repair contests. The day began with an Opening Ceremony where we were introduced to the members of the faculty and the 25 other teams participating in the Olympiad. Of all the teams, we were the smallest – by far! Most of the teams ranged between 10-20 students and some close to 30. While standing in the back and watching the ceremony take place, we noticed quite quickly that we were completely surrounded by students practicing knot-tying – and all of them averaging about 30-50 knots in only 30 seconds. It was at that moment that we realized what we were in for.


All of of the contests included a case report, simulated clinical situation, lab/imaging findings, tasks and criteria. Various criteria were considering in grading each of the events (depending on the type and various components of the procedure), for example: aesthetics, stenosis, impermeability, teamwork/coordination, time to complete the procedure and theoretical knowledge of the case, and methods and materials used.

Here’s an example of the information we were given for the Abdominal Contest Amir and I did that Saturday.

Abdominal surgery contest

Clinical case: iatrogenic total hepatic duct intersection (before cystic duct joins it, type 1 Bismuth­Strasberg ) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. 

Task: to reestablish integrity of gastrointestinal tract performing  Roux­en­Y type reconstruction (see fig.1). 


  1. Mobilize the intestine, ligating mesenteric arteries. Perform a stump in the end of the left intestine.  
  2. Perform a hepaticojejunoanastomy applying any preferred kind of hand suturing technique. 
  3. Perform an end­to­side jejunojejunostomy using any preferred kind of hand suturing technique. 
  4. Close defect of the mesentery. Screen Shot 2016-04-25 at 20.46.20Screen Shot 2016-04-25 at 20.42.02Screen Shot 2016-04-25 at 20.42.13Screen Shot 2016-04-25 at 20.42.28

Time given to complete the task: 70 minutes

  • Suture material provided: Vycril 4/0 ­2 packages, PDS 5/0 – 1 package, Nylon 6 (kapron) for ligatures. 
  • Surgical instruments ARE NOT PROVIDED. You are expected to use your own kit 
  • Usage of surgical staplers is forbidden. 
  • Team: 3 to 4 persons. 
  • Highest possible score – 30. 
  • The received points will be multiplied by a factor (f) according to the formula: f = 25/max points, f=0,833 
  • Material provided – ~ 6 cm long, 5­7 mm wide part of common bile duct, 45 cm long part of jejunum

Skjalg and Tamás represented us in the gynecology contest (where they received almost full marks) and the microvascular repair contest. For the gynecology contest they performed a laparoscopic salpingectomy on a pig uterus. The microvascular contest was divided into two parts: first, an end to side anastomosis on a chicken femoral artery and second, an end to side anastomosis on the iliac artery of a live rat.


On the second day, Luca, Cintia and I took part in the endovideosurgical contest, Tiago in the trauma contest, and Skjalg and Amir in the coloproctology and cutaneous suture contests. The endovideosurgical portion also consisted of two parts: the first, a laparoscopic gastrostomy on a human stomach using one of two surgical methods (Depage-Janeway or Beck-Carrel-Jianu) and the second, a biliopancreatic bypass on a live, anesthetized pig. In the trauma contest, Tiago performed a four-core suture of an Achilles tendon – which was then tested with a 12-kg weight. Coloproctology consisted of an obstructive resection of a human sigmoid colon with creation of a double-barrel flat colostomy and the cutaneous suture contest of a necrectomy and Z-plasty.


This was our third day in Moscow and the first day where we had time to actually see a bit of the city. On our list: Red Square!

On the third and final day, there were five total contests that took place simultaneously in one large dissection room. As a result, Cintia, Tiago, Amir and I were perform our urological and abdominal procedures at the same table, at the same time. For the urological contest, Cintia and Tiago performed an orthotopic neobladder procedure in which they made a bladder from a resection of the colon. For the abdominal contest, Amir and I were tasked with a Roux-en-y type reconstruction, which included a hepaticojejunoanastomy and end-to-side jejunojejunostomy, that we had to perform in a 15x15cm styrofoam box. While performing our tasks, we were approached by the judges as well as various students and faculty members who asked questions about our methods and decisions as to what material we’d used and why. It definitely added a whole new level of pressure and I was grateful to be at one table together as a team along with Dr. Székely, Dr. Juhos and our translator/guide Sergey, who was quick to aid us with absolutely anything we needed.


Throughout the Olympiad we were approached by curious students wondering where we were from, why we chose to study in Hungary and how we ended up competing in Moscow. We’d organized Russian sim cards on our first day and we’re so grateful for the internet access when we found ourselves without a translator and needed google translate to carry on our conversations. It was such an amazing experience to meet fellow medical students and to share in our passion for surgery despite having such varied backgrounds. I was so struck by their drive and motivation and very humbled by the experience as a whole. We did better than expected considering that we’d only had a couple weeks of practice. The organizers of almost every one of the events remarked at how impressed they were with our efforts, especially upon hearing that it was our first time for some of the procedures. All of the students there showed a true love for surgery and the talent and drive necessary to go after it. Some of the teams had so much practice with each other that their procedures looked more like a choreographed dance than a surgical task. There was no need for them to speak because they already knew what the other was thinking and exactly what steps lay ahead.


The Olympiad ended with a closing ceremony and an after-party at a club that they’d rented out. The ceremony was delayed for a few hours, so we went out for a bit to eat and then home to change and relax for a little bit.

Everything was in Russian (not a surprise by this point) so we weren’t really sure what was going on when the ceremony started. We soon figured out that they were giving awards for each of the events separately and then for the entire competition at the end. The surgery club of the university hosting the event (I.M. Szechenov 1st Moscow State Medical University) won the competition by a landslide. They were so, so impressive in every single one of the events. On top of their skill and preparation, they were in in charge of the Olympiad as a whole. They organized all of the events, invited all the judges, and obtained and prepared everything needed for the contests.

In one of the most heartwarming gestures of my life, we were called to stand in the front of the hall and introduced to everyone. They explained that it was our first time at this event and that it had been our first time attempting some of the procedures. Suddenly people started to stand up, first on the sides and then filling in to the center. It was such a surprise (as can be seen in my face in the first photo) and probably the most memorable part of the trip for me. It was such an amazing feeling to be honored in that way, to be honored and acknowledged for our strength and perseverance, for our venturing into the unknown. For that moment it felt like they’d pushed the competition part of it to the side and were just praising our shared passion.

The experience as a whole was something we will remember forever. It was an honor to represent Semmelweis, to attend as a team of Hungarian and International students, and to gain a glimpse into our futures. We were truly humbled and inspired by every step of the process and will use what we have learned to fuel us in our paths to becoming surgeons. We are so grateful for this opportunity, for the guidance, training and support we received from Dr. Székely and Dr. Juhos, and for the instrumental assistance and kindness of the students and faculty of I.M. Szechenov 1st Moscow State Medical University.


T-minus 16 hours until Moscow

April 12, 2016 § 7 Comments

This past month or so has sped by faster than I ever could have imagined. With my study plan, my weeks are quite packed (I’m trying to do as much of my exam prep now as possible so that I can take my exams earlier). There have been several presentations and some exams on top of that. Plus an unforgettable 10-day trip to Thailand, followed by participating in the International Carnival at school (which required making 400 servings of cornbread and honey butter). And now: Moscow!

Preparing for this competition has been quite stressful – to say the least. Obtaining a visa, understanding the events, choosing the events to participate in, training for the events, etc. Sometimes I feel like my extracurriculars are twice that of my normal student load.

The competition lasts for four full days. We will be the first ever team to head there, so we’re both excited and nervous – we have absolutely no idea what to expect! For future years, the Department of Surgical Research and Techniques will most likely host an internal competition for those interested in going to to the competition in Moscow (Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University hosts an annual international surgery competition there). So, we are the pilot group!

This is the schedule for those four days:


We won’t be participating in all of them. For example, the cardiovascular one looked way too complicated and we wouldn’t have been able to practice it before. Also, there are a theoretical portion and instrument identification portion that are entirely in Russian. Now that I look at it, I think we are participating in all of the ones in the photos except for the cardiovascular and nerve repair teams. Pretty good for a team of only seven who have no idea what they are getting into ;).

After being in Thailand for 10 days and loving the chance to experience new places and a new culture, we’ve been trying to bring that energy back home to Budapest. How? By trying places we’ve never tried before! Sounds a bit silly, I know. But it is so easy to get caught in the same routine of places to go for drinks/dinner with friends, etc. After handing in the applications for our visas to Hello Oroszorzág, we grabbed some lunch at Menza in Liszt Ferenzc tér

Then it was off to plan our training schedule and decide which events we would want to take part in:

After that, we only had a week and a half or so of training ahead of us. We fit in four full training sessions:

Day 1: we tried our hand at intestinal anastomosis using pig intestine. It was so absolutely different from doing sutures on the skin! That is something that seems obvious, but it still surprises you when you are doing it.

Day 2: We worked on some cutaneous sutures, including a Z-plasty. The defect (“cancer” or “necrotic tissue”) is removed and two triangles are cut, switch places and are then sutured to close the hole made in the skin. My triangles weren’t a perfect fit, so my wound edges weren’t too clean, but it was still fun to try!

Day 3: We practiced gastrostomy methods for our “Endovideosurgical” contest. I did these sutures by hand during the practice, but we will do them laparoscopically at the competition. After, we spent a couple hours practicing our laparoscopic sutures in the pelvitrainer lab at school.

Day 4: All of us made our way to the training lab in Herceghalom. They are currently conducting a surgical residency training program there, but we were able to sneak in and use the pelvitrainers when they weren’t practicing on them.

IMG_5703 IMG_5712 IMG_5726 IMG_5733

Here’s my snapchat video from the day. Please excuse my horrible spelling!

When Skjalg and I got home that night, we decided to try making our own pelvitrainer to practice with at home. It ended up being quite the success!

IMG_5748 (1) IMG_5752

It’s only the early evening now, but it’s time for me to pack and settle in for whatever sleep I can get. We leave for the airport at 3:00 in the morning and there probably won’t be too much time to rest in Moscow. A lot to do and a lot to see!! We have no idea what lies ahead of us but I am so, so excited. No matter what happens, this has been, is and will be an amazing experience :). I’m so thankful for this opportunity! I’m also really happy to get to know and work with some Hungarian students. It’s about time!

“It will be good training for Moscow.”

February 21, 2016 § 7 Comments

The title of this blog post is probably one of my favorite sentences of medical school. It may be strange to consider and refer to sentences in that way, but it all depends on what stands behind it. This sentence was included in an e-mail from Krisztina, the PhD student we do research with at the Department of Surgical Research and Techniques. The e-mail was sent to Skjalg, Amir and myself and regarded an international surgical competition that we were to help out with that coming Friday.

Rewind a couple weeks, to the week before school started. I was back from Amsterdam and traveling around the city gathering the last of my signatures for my index book (a bound grade book that must be personally signed by all of the departments we have classes in that semester). For my last stop, I dropped by the anatomy department to get my teaching assistant signature from the course director. While in her office, we began to discuss various conferences she was partaking in and somehow the subject of me wanting to be a surgeon came up. “Oh! I have something you might be interested in!” she exclaimed as she spun around in her chair and grabbed an invitation. Upon closer inspection, I saw that it was an invitation to partake in a surgical olympiad in Moscow. In that moment, I was honestly so shocked by the mere prospect that I didn’t really know how to respond. I managed to convey my supreme interest through the surprise – and thus began the process!

The course director contacted my research supervisor (the head of the surgical department I mentioned earlier). Soon after, it was agreed that Skjalg, Amir, Tiago (fellow research students) and I would go to Moscow for the olympiad and that the top three Hungarian winners of the surgical competition held here in Budapest would join us.

I haven’t really mentioned the Moscow trip to anyone, nor the surgical competition that took place here in Budapest on the 12th, because I wanted to wait until it was a sure thing. I’ve learned to keep my expectations/excitement low until things are confirmed (to avoid the void that is felt when you lose that apartment you loved so much and that trip you couldn’t wait to go on).

The surgical competition that took place on the 12th was hosted by the surgical department we do research with. We knew that we would be helping out with the competition, but didn’t realize that we would be competing until this email that Krisztina sent us (only two days before). The email detailed the tasks we would help with and how we should get to the research site located outside of the city. “It will be good training for Moscow,” she wrote. Such a simple sentence and yet it held so much opportunity.

Fast forward a little over a week. The first competition is over and the tickets are booked. It’s happening. We are going to Moscow in April to compete in a surgical olympiad – and I couldn’t be more excited!

Here are some photos from the first competition. It was – in itself – an amazing experience and I feel so lucky that we got to take part in it.

With only two days to prepare, we had to get a bit creative. We were able to train in the pelvitrainer lab at school for a couple hours on Thursday, but it wasn’t enough. When I got home that night, I was determined to come up with something. So, I grabbed my ipad, a chicken breast and some needle holders and got to work. It was great for getting an idea of how to do suturing in 2D, but the tools were nothing like the ones used for laparoscopy.

IMG_3494 IMG_3495

On the train on the way to the research center, we practiced some more on my scarf. Had to get in as much practice as possible!

To start the day, we watched a presentation detailing the tasks we would do that day. There were maybe 10 Hungarian students, Amir, Skjalg and I, and 3 students from Moscow (a Russian, an Indian, and a Brazilian). We all competed, but the Hungarians competed against each other for the chance to go to Moscow.

IMG_1798 IMG_1808IMG_3527

There were four tasks in total:

  1. Peg transfer: done in the pelvitrainer (similar to this).
  2. Laparoscopic suturing on a glove: there were lines of black dots and we had to make sutures between them. We were given one practice round and then timed on the second attempt.
  3. Laparoscopic suturing of a pig stomach: this was similar to the glove, but the sutures had to be made on the stomach.
  4. Laparoscopic suturing in an anesthetized pig: the abdomen was blown up with air (pneumoperitoneum) and sutures were made in her bladder.

IMG_1820 IMG_1836 IMG_1897IMG_3558IMG_3545IMG_3531 IMG_1929 IMG_1940IMG_2032IMG_1954IMG_2077IMG_2087

The three Hungarian students on the right (standing next to Krisztina in the green top) will be going with us to Moscow. They were really talented and I’m looking really forward to getting to know some Hungarian students. Plus, I’m really excited to visit the students we met from Russia! We really hit it off with them and have plans to see them when we are there.

As a thank you for our help and participation in the competition, we got these little certificates 😉



A perfect start

February 7, 2016 § 4 Comments

We’re only one week in and I already feel like this is going to be my favorite semester so far. I’ve not had this much time to study since 4th semester, which was a whole 2 years ago! Plus, I’m enjoying all of my classes – which is such a huge help.

On Monday, I only have orthopedics in the afternoon so I start the day at a café/library to get in a good study session before. This week, I headed over to Costa Coffee and started working on my pharma topics. We have our final at the end of this semester and as it is our “big class”, I’ve planned to go through all the topics early. We have a study group planned on the weekend where we will go through the topics as a group, giving us a chance to actively memorize the material we reviewed during the week.

We’ve organized the topics we are going to cover each week – new ones covered this semester plus reviewing some from last semester. My goal is to go through everything on my own during the week and memorize them if I have time/energy on Saturday night. That way the group is more of a verbal test. This first session will probably be a little bumpy, but we’ll get the hang of it!Screen Shot 2016-02-07 at 09.46.29

I’ve been pushing the idea of “topics, topics, topics” on the students I TA anatomy for. (For those of you who aren’t familiar with the term “topics”: most of our exams are oral and based on topic lists. These are made available to us during the semester (ideally before). At the exam, we randomly select topics, usually one from each list (depending on how the topic list is divided up). Sometimes the topics are already divided into cards and we draw a card with 3 or 4 topics on it already. Then we have about 20 minutes (sometimes more) to prepare notes before our oral presentation of them.)

So, the students I TA for are in their 4th semester and therefore have their finals in anatomy, physiology and biochemistry at the end of this semester. I can tell that they are a bit overwhelmed by it all. Some of them stopped by the café I was studying at last night to talk about how to study this semester. It’s always really helpful to talk to someone who has been through it before – I definitely have a couple of people I “harass” at the beginning of every semester. It still feels weird to be the person giving advice, but after so many exam periods and this last one with so many exams, I feel like I finally see the pattern. I advised them to do the same thing I’ll be doing this semester: dividing up the topics from the final topic list into the different weeks of the semester, while paying attention to midterms (i.e. cover the internal organs topics before the regional anatomy midterm covering the thorax and abdomen). Then, review them on your own during the week and meet on the weekend to go through all the topics together.

This may seem really obvious to some. For me, it has always been so clear and simple in theory and never manifested successfully in practice. I remember Charlotte, Rina and I were going to do something similar for biochem one semester and it only lasted for about three or four weeks before we were thrown off by midterms. What we did then was to write out notes and send them to each other to sort of “turn in” our assignments for the week. I’ve also tried to do it on my own, but once you fall behind and have 20 topics to cover in a week for each class, it feels almost impossible to continue. Getting an early start for me is key. When I have a slow start to the semester, I constantly feel like I am making up for lost time rather than staying ahead. And motivation is hard to come by when feeling that way!

Orthopedics started off a bit slow but ended on a high note. My teacher is an orthopedic oncology surgeon and in the beginning his English was… lacking. Once he started talking about orthopedics however, things improved immensely. You can tell he is really passionate about what he does and he presents information in a very systematic way. He also seems to remember how we think as students and keeps that in mind when asking us questions or refreshing our minds (like muscles acting on the hip joint, including their origins and insertions – which we learned in anatomy during the first semester!).

On Tuesday, I start the day with surgery lecture (which was really, really interesting this week, probably because we are going into more detail now) and then head off to TA anatomy before my ENT (otorhinolaryngology) lecture and practice. I’ve been a TA for the same group since the beginning (going on our 4th semester now) and I really enjoy them. The problem is that the professor I TA for is a very, very busy man – head of more than one department, has his own clinic, etc. – and misses a lot of classes. This really kills the moral of the group. As a TA I can pick up some of the slack, but I’m nowhere near the level of an employee of the anatomy department who has worked there for 20-30+ years. On top of that, I have to leave the class 40 minutes early to make it to my lecture. I’m hoping a solution is found soon…

I only have one class on Wednesday: surgery! In this class we do presentations, go on rounds and then have an option of staying in the O.R. for as long as we’d like to watch any of the procedures they have that day. I love my teacher. He is clear, sharp and demanding. If we show interest, he’ll teach us everything he can. If we don’t, he won’t waste his time. I find this so motivating! He told us that in Hungary, if you want to be a surgeon, you need to start getting involved as soon as you know. They don’t accept applications for specialization from doctors who have not already had 5+ years experience in the O.R. The reason for this is that they don’t want to spend the time and money training someone who doesn’t really, truly want it. So, according to him, we should start now – or should have started 2 years ago!

Thursday is another short day: public health from 8:00-9:55. Last semester I took the advice of some previous students and chose a teacher who “does not give a shit” for lack of a better term. We have definitely had some classes where… efforts are best placed elsewhere. Public health is definitely not the most exciting class, but having a teacher who doesn’t care makes it even worse. So, I made sure to go the opposite direction this semester – and I am so happy I did! My teacher is the tutor of the department and is extremely outgoing. He calls us out by name during class and makes tons of silly jokes. It keeps the mood light and keeps your focus – something I desperately need!

On Friday I start with pharma practice. My teacher is amazing – Dr. Riba – and I am so happy I was able to get him (he’s the hardest one to get during registration). He has two classes during the week and allows us to go to either of the two. Since most people want to have the whole Friday off, this meant that we were only 5 for class this Friday. It was such a nice change from the 25 of us that were packed in the room for his class last semester! I heard that on Wednesday’s class there were even three people who had to sit on the floor.

The reason I chose to attend his Friday class over his Wednesday class was so that I would be more motivated to attend the bioethics and laboratory medicine lectures that follow. For those subjects we only have lectures – no practicals – and it’s tempting to forgo those for a full day of studying. Most people attend the first week’s lectures and drop off once they decide they can go without it. While the lectures are not the most exciting, they definitely bring up some important topics. Bioethics brings up many difficult situations we’ll have to face as doctors and laboratory medicine provides us with knowledge we know we are lacking and will need in the future. I know it will be hard to fight the desire to get an early study start that day, but I think forcing myself to go to those lectures will pay off down the line. At least that it what I am going to tell myself! It’s better to regret the things you’ve done than the things you’ve haven’t, right? Screen Shot 2016-02-07 at 11.11.19

On Friday night we went ice-skating and then out to karaoke with some friends. The girls with the bad knees – me included – sat on the side and sipped mulled wine while watching the Scandinavians take to the ice. Karaoke at Blue Bird starting at 21:00, so we grabbed some spiked hot chocolate on their heated patio before then. They have two venues: upstairs for more calm songs sung by really talented individuals and downstairs for pure insanity. We were downstairs together with about 20 drunk Brits and some traumatized Vietnamese tourists. IMG_3407 IMG_3411 IMG_3417 IMG_3414 IMG_3426 IMG_3427 IMG_3429

We were home around midnight and headed straight to bed. Skjalg and I have both been so exhausted this week! We let ourselves sleep in Saturday morning and after a slow, calm start to the day, we were out the door to studying at a café. Then it was home to watch Ocean’s 12 before bed. Not a bad first week if I do say so myself!


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